Monday, 10 December 2012

Ala-ud-din Khilji

Juna Khan Khilji commonly known by his
title as Ala-ud-din Khilji ( died 1316), was the second ruler of
the Turko-Afghan Khilji
dynasty in India. He is considered the most
powerful ruler of the dynasty, reigning from 1296 to 1316.               

His historic
attack on Chittor in
1303 CE, and the folklore of him hearing of the beauty of queen of Chittor  Rani Padmini, the wife
of King Rawal Ratan Singh and the subsequent story has been
immortalized in the epic poem Padmavat, written by Malik Muhammad Jayasi in the Awadhi language
in the year 1540.

Sunday, 9 December 2012

Yogeshwar Dutt wins bronze for India at London Olympics 2012.

Yogeshwar Dutt



Yogeshwar Dutt wins bronze for India  at London Olympics 2012.

CERN in a nutshell

CERN, the European Organization for Nuclear Research,
is one of the world’s largest and most respected centres for
scientific research. Its business is fundamental physics, finding out
what the Universe is made of and how it works
Founded in 1954,
the CERN Laboratory sits astride the Franco–Swiss border near Geneva.

Large Hadron Collider and God Particle , Higgs Boson

Scientists working at the The Large Hadron
Collider, the world's largest atom smasher, may have discovered the
existence of "The God Particle."

Discovering the particle, formally called the Higgs boson, would
finalize physicists' understanding of how subatomic particles have mass,
which gives an object weight.

The 12 jyotirlinga temples and their locations

  1.     Somnath
    JyotirLing in Saurashtra (Guj) at Veraval
  2.     Mallikarjun jyoptirling in Srisailam (A.P.)
  3.     Mahakaleshwar jyotirling in Ujjain (M.P.)
  4.     Omkareshwar jyotirling in Shivpuri / mAmaleswara
  5.     Vaidyanath jyotirling in Parali (Mah)
  6.     Nageswar jyotirling in Darukavanam
  7.     Kedareswar jyotirling in Kedarnath / Himalayas (Utt)
  8.     Tryambakeswar jyotirling in Nasik (Mah)
  9.     Rameshwar jyotirling in Setubandanam / Rameshwaram
  10.     Bhimashankar jyotirling in Dakini (Mah)
  11.     Visweswar jyotirling in Varanasi (U.P.) and
  12.     Ghrishneswar jyotirling in Devasrovar (Mah).

somnath temple facts

  1. The Somnath Temple (Gujarati: સોમનાથ મંદિર Sanskrit: सोमनाथ मन्दिर) located in the Prabhas Kshetra near Veraval in Saurashtra, on the western coast of Gujarat, India, is one of the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines of the God Shiva.
  2. Somnath means "The Protector of (the) Moon God".
  3. According to somnath temple facts, it has been said to be created by the Moon God.
  4. Mahmud of Ghazni attacked the temple in 1026 and plundered it.
  5. In 1296 CE, the temple was once again destroyed by Sultan Allauddin Khilji's army
  6. Most recently it was rebuilt in November 1947, when Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel visited the area for the integration of Junagadh and mooted a plan for restoration.
  7. Statue of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in front of the templeAfter Patel's death, the rebuilding continued under K. M. Munshi, who was the Minister for Food and Civil Supplies in the Nehru Government.
  8. The ruins were pulled down in October 1950 and the mosque present at that site was shifted few miles away.[22]
    In May 1951, Rajendra Prasad, the first President of the Republic of
    India, invited by K M Munshi, performed the installation ceremony for
    the temple.
  9. This episode created a serious rift between the then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru,
    who saw the movement for reconstruction of the temple as an attempt at
    Hindu revivalism and the President Rajendra Prasad and Union Minister K.
    M. Munshi, who saw in its reconstruction, the fruits of freedom and the
    reversal of past injustice done to Hindus.
  10. The present day somnath temple is built in the Chalukya style where
    contributions of the Sompara Saluts who are the chief masons of Gujarat
    have been immense.
  11. The present temple is built in the Chalukya style of temple architecture or Kailash Mahameru Prasad Style[12] and reflects the skill of the Sompura Salats, Gujarat's master masons.

    The temple is situated at such a place that there is no land in straight-line between Somnath seashore till Antarctica, such an inscription in Sanskrit is found on the Arrow-Pillar called Baan-Stambh erected on the sea-protection wall at the Somnath Temple. This Baan-Stambh mentions that it stands at a point on the Indian landmass, which happens to be the first point on land in the north to the south-pole on that particular longitude.[26]

  12. Arrow Pillar or Baan-Stambh