- The Somnath Temple (Gujarati: સોમનાથ મંદિર Sanskrit: सोमनाथ मन्दिर) located in the Prabhas Kshetra near Veraval in Saurashtra, on the western coast of Gujarat, India, is one of the twelve Jyotirlinga shrines of the God Shiva.
- Somnath means "The Protector of (the) Moon God".
- According to somnath temple facts, it has been said to be created by the Moon God.
- Mahmud of Ghazni attacked the temple in 1026 and plundered it.
- In 1296 CE, the temple was once again destroyed by Sultan Allauddin Khilji's army
- Most recently it was rebuilt in November 1947, when Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel visited the area for the integration of Junagadh and mooted a plan for restoration.
- Statue of Sardar Vallabhbhai Patel in front of the templeAfter Patel's death, the rebuilding continued under K. M. Munshi, who was the Minister for Food and Civil Supplies in the Nehru Government.
- The ruins were pulled down in October 1950 and the mosque present at that site was shifted few miles away.
In May 1951, Rajendra Prasad, the first President of the Republic of
India, invited by K M Munshi, performed the installation ceremony for
- This episode created a serious rift between the then Prime Minister Jawaharlal Nehru,
who saw the movement for reconstruction of the temple as an attempt at
Hindu revivalism and the President Rajendra Prasad and Union Minister K.
M. Munshi, who saw in its reconstruction, the fruits of freedom and the
reversal of past injustice done to Hindus.
- The present day somnath temple is built in the Chalukya style where
contributions of the Sompara Saluts who are the chief masons of Gujarat
have been immense.
- The present temple is built in the Chalukya style of temple architecture or Kailash Mahameru Prasad Style and reflects the skill of the Sompura Salats, Gujarat's master masons.
The temple is situated at such a place that there is no land in straight-line between Somnath seashore till Antarctica, such an inscription in Sanskrit is found on the Arrow-Pillar called Baan-Stambh erected on the sea-protection wall at the Somnath Temple. This Baan-Stambh mentions that it stands at a point on the Indian landmass, which happens to be the first point on land in the north to the south-pole on that particular longitude.
Arrow Pillar or Baan-Stambh